Winnipeg personal trainer Gabriel Patterson discusses cardio that isn’t too hard on your joints

It's no secret that running on hard surfaces can wear down your body. Beating the pavement day after day and year after year can have devastating effects on your knees and back. In this article, Gabriel Patterson, Winnipeg athlete and fitness trainer, discusses some cardio training methods that are better for your body than running on asphalt.


Working out in water takes advantage of buoyancy that protects your joints from impacts against hard surfaces. Swimming is a full-body exercise that provides excellent cardio benefits and strengthens all muscle systems that support joint health. In addition to swimming, you can get a great low-impact exercise from kickboard workouts, pool walking with a floatation device, or water aerobics. Water aerobics classes are also perfect for those who prefer to work out in groups.


Stationary bike riding and traditional outdoor cycling provide outstanding cardio workouts that are low impact on knees and hips. Outdoor cycling is a fantastic way to enjoy nature while getting a solid cardio workout. Cycling is also great for joint rehabilitation and flexibility training. Indoor cycling is a strong choice for those who want to tailor the resistance in their exercise to their fitness level and their joint rehabilitation needs. Spin classes are well suited for those who prefer a group workout with an instructor leading the way.

Elliptical Training

Unlike the treadmill, the elliptical does not require that you take your feet off of the exercise surface. Elliptical training involves the upper body in a wide range of motion as well, providing a solid cardio full-body workout. Especially for those who have enjoyed running in the past, elliptical training closely tracks the range of motion involved in running without the constant impact on the lower body. Most elliptical machines also allow you to set resistance levels that match your fitness and workout needs.


Rowing machines provide an outstanding full-body cardio workout without requiring that you stand or cause any joint impact. Both the upper and lower body get fully involved in the rowing movement and stroke. Unlike an elliptical machine, you cannot rest your arms during the exercise, and your entire body stays engaged. Rowing machines can usually be adjusted to provide a mix of cardio and resistance training, providing strength and flexibility along with cardio fitness.

About Gabriel Patterson

Gabriel Patterson, originally from Winnipeg, Canada is a certified personal trainer and advocate for a balanced, healthy lifestyle. Gabriel supports his clients as they revamp their health and fitness routines. Mr. Patterson focuses his efforts on helping his clients rebound from sports-related injuries, build a solid foundation in fitness, and reach new heights.

His passion for living a productive and active lifestyle has led Mr. Patterson to educate his clients about the importance of regular exercise and incorporating a nutrient-dense diet. When he is not supporting his clients to become their best selves, Gabriel Patterson can be found spending time with his friends and family in Winnipeg.

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